Dating and beauty
Cupids are a frequent motif of both Roman art and later Western art of the classical tradition.In the 15th century, the iconography of Cupid starts to become indistinguishable from the putto.The use of these arrows is described by the Latin poet Ovid in the first book of his Metamorphoses.
During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that represent his source of power: a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire.
Cupid continued to be a popular figure in the Middle Ages, when under Christian influence he often had a dual nature as Heavenly and Earthly love.
In the Renaissance, a renewed interest in classical philosophy endowed him with complex allegorical meanings.
His symbols are the arrow and torch, "because love wounds and inflames the heart." These attributes and their interpretation were established by late antiquity, as summarized by Isidore of Seville (d. Cupid is also sometimes depicted blindfolded and described as blind, not so much in the sense of sightless—since the sight of the beloved can be a spur to love—as blinkered and arbitrary.
As described by Shakespeare in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1590s): Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind.